(Charles Robert Darwin, Shrewsbury, UK, 1809 - Down, id, 1882.) British Naturalist. He was the son of a doctor of good standing and grandson of the famous physician, philosopher, naturalist and poet Erasmus Darwin English. Despite study medicine in Edinburgh and theology at Cambridge, led by his father apparently very worried about his future, his main interest, among other reasons stimulated by reading the works of the German Alexander von Humboldt, focused in the natural sciences.
On The Origin of Species a book by Charles Darwin published on 24 November 1859, considered one of the pioneering work of scientific literature and the foundation of the theory of biology-is Species evolutionary.